Introducción al Budismo
As you have probably already guessed, I'm a Buddhist. I was asked that they submit them to the Buddha, his teachings and his way. It is a difficult task, it is not something that can be done in no time. But in these times, when the world is involved in aggression, greed, and all kinds of conflicts, I'm glad that so many people wanting to know more about as boring as Buddhism topic.
Buddha was a prince. He was an ordinary human being. There was nothing divine about it, it was just a prince. In fact, the Sakya Clan was not a great kingdom, only a small republic. But he and another Indian named Mahavira did, changed the philosophical system of India. Until then, the presence of the Upanishads and the Vedic culture was prevalent in India. There was a strong belief in castes, gods, sacrifice, and in that sense, strong concepts of ethics, morality, and so on; however the Upanishads and the Vedic concepts of God, the creator, are different from the idea that God exists in the West, such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
The followers of the Buddha before he died asked why they should tell the world. Buddha said four rather interesting things. He told his followers that they should tell the world that there was once an ordinary man named Siddhartha, in Kapilavastu, India. Siddhartha came to earth as an ordinary human being, placed great emphasis on the word "ordinary." The second message was that this ordinary human being attained enlightenment. He then taught a method to attain enlightenment; this was the third message. The fourth message was that even being an enlightened being, died. These are the four messages that Buddha wanted to give his followers in the world.
When Buddha says that ordinary a man came to this earth, was telling us that every human being can become a Buddha, have the potential to become a Buddha. In fact, this is its nature. Siddhartha is not born as a Buddha; was a normal person, like you and me. That's a very important message. An ignorant, aggressive, greedy, ordinary person can also become a Buddha. That's what I was saying in the first and second messages.
The third message is also very important. One might think, "This happened to him, but what about us, what." So in the third message, the Buddha is telling us who left the method by which he attained enlightenment. In other speeches, Buddha clearly stated that he can not give enlightenment, can not erase the pain, that's something you have to do each one by itself.
The fourth is probably the most important message of all. Buddha did not become an immortal. He became something that never dies, as a kind of vampire. He went to what Buddhists call paranirvana. "Para" means beyond the media.
The teachings of Buddha have prevailed in many places: India, many regions of the Himalayas, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Indonesia, China, Japan. I think the sooner European importer of Buddhism was Russia and now is expanding slowly in the Americas and elsewhere.
Wisdom of Buddha is very complicated and is not at all attractive. It's very raw, truthful and naked. Therefore, it seems attractive because no one likes to hear the truth, is quite unpleasant to hear. The methods of the Buddha are very much geared to this individual. He himself said that you are your own teacher, your own savior, no one else can save you. He never gave unique patterns, then it is very complicated. I often say that if I had the authority to change something in Buddhism, I simplify. Something like for example; all Buddhists should wear socks; as Buddhist, one must go to Bodhgaya (India) at least once in their life; and as a Buddhist, one should try to convert everyone to Buddhism - that kind of discipline. But Buddhism is not.
Sometimes when I travel on an airplane, the person sitting next to me says "Oh, you are Buddhist." And I say yes. Then say, "So you must be a vegetarian." Well, it's nice when associated with Buddhism being a vegetarian, non-violence, to smile ... that's good. So I can not contradict him and then mumbled a "yes." And when the flight attendant serves me, I can not eat meat. I must continue to keep up appearances.
Since I also make films, often ask the same question quite often: Do you Being Buddhist, such as making movies? So I want to talk a little about it, because I think it is quite important. Based on my analysis, these questions - "Are you vegetarian?" Or "How can you make films?" - Arise because Buddhism, often classified as a religion. And religion almost always has to do with ethics and morals, is not it? When we talk about ethics and morality, usually talk about ethics and morals that are written somewhere, then one follows the rules. I think this is why people do these kinds of questions. But I must say that Eastern philosophy, especially Indian philosophy emphasizes wisdom. In Buddhism, wisdom is more important than ethics and morals. Morality and ethics exist only as a tool to improve and stabilize wisdom. If not for wisdom, what you call morality and ethics could become very dangerous. They could make our life was miserable. Same as when I cast a non-vegetarian dish for moral reasons. However, the moral and ethics seem to be very important in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Sure, Buddhists also give importance to the moral, but wisdom lies ahead.
When we speak of wisdom, we speak of something beyond doing what is right or wrong. Although a bit intellectual, I have to paraphrase one of the great saints and scholars of Buddhism: Chandrakirti. He said:
Those who are wise will do a lot of things devoid of virtue and go to hell. Those who are wise will lots of virtuous things and go to heaven. The wise, go beyond the virtuous and the non-virtuous, and attained liberation.
As I said, Buddhism is very complicated! This appreciation for the wisdom affects our social life. For example, the divine-crazy Tibet. Beings Tibet is a society that worships the insane, a society that values the crazy wisdom, abnormality. It is a society in which rarely hear compliments as: "He was a great person because he was so moral." But often hear someone praise because it has much wisdom. The view from the Buddhist tradition is almost always on the basis of wisdom. Wisdom is the most important.
So what is this wisdom? There is something divine. A heavenly gift that we have to look left untreated. None of that. Nor is it a super intellect. I can almost say it's nothing special. Nor is it something we get. We can not buy wisdom. We can not add it. This is because we already have. We wisdom. Everyone. You and I and the dogs. Everyone. No one is excluded. Everyone has this wisdom. But right now, this wisdom that you and I have not manifested that is involved with all types of wrapping paper. Some wrap it very well, like a beautiful origami - we call religious wrapper, the wrapper of spiritual materialism. These are difficult, not because we want to open the packaging is very beautiful. And some are pretty ugly - it's easy to have the motivation to unwrap, but if We develop or not is another thing. This is the only problem, otherwise the wisdom is there.
Now the question is how to remove the wrapper, how to remove this veil that covers our wisdom. There are so many methods! And sometimes, these methods end up being actually the culprit. The more help unwrapping wisdom, become in turn the source of the problem on many levels, and that is why, for example, in many places Buddhism is often classified as a religion. Why? Probably because some of these methods. Buddhists use flowers, incense, habits, etc.. Of course, to remove the wrapper is necessary to discover what's inside, but it is unfortunate that sometimes people put so much emphasis on the wrapping and the desenolver itself completely forget that the main reason.
In Buddhism, we are encouraged to use all kinds of methods, provided that their use is accompanied by wisdom. There are popular methods, of course, depend on where we are. A popular method is to renounce Southeast Asian home, shave her head, wear beige or brown clothes and go to the forest. That is one of the thousands and thousands of methods. It is believed that there are 84,000 different ways, this is just one more. Incense, mantras, mandalas of sand, floral arrangements, and Zen gardens are other methods. Some methods involve more risk than others, because some methods are playing with fire. Some methods are really dangerous. They are pretty rough and direct, so they are more dangerous. Other methods are risk-free, but very slow, because it is not taking any chances. Like any other way, to take less risk, less profit is earned. Everything depends on our courage.
But among all these methods, there is one that is very popular and very effective, in fact, most methods are based on this particular method. It could be called essentially do nothing. Nothing at all, that is the true method. If you like to name it, is called samadhi, or meditation. So basically meditation is to do nothing.
Now, to have an overview. What are we doing here? We are trying to discover the wisdom, the wisdom that is right here. How it works? Discover the wisdom? Doing nothing? How?
If we interpret the wisdom or prajna from an ordinary perspective, in common parlance, means "completely normal," a mind that is absolutely normal. But our mind is not normal. His mind is not normal. My mind is definitely not normal. Why? Because some of us are drug addicts. Others are alcoholics. But drug addicts and alcoholics are not a major threat, they are small things. Actually, there are other issues that make us abnormal, and has much to do with our addiction to aggression, jealousy, anger, desire, pride. These are emotions that make us abnormal.
Most of the time we are moved by anger, jealousy, or pride. Almost always! When we perceive things, everything we see what we see through five lenses: lenses jealousy, anger lenses, the lenses of pride, etc.. When we see the real thing, we have a completely distorted view. And that's how you and I, people like us, we are abnormal.
So how can we achieve normal? What should we do? There are many, many ways, as I said: the incense, flowers, shave your head. But one of the best ways to do is sit back and do nothing. And with that, we get? Actually, it is a very good trick. Usually our mind always wants to be entertained. Our mind is very hard to be without any occupation. We must do something. When our mind is occupied with something we cling tightly to that in which we are engaged. Come, our mind is abnormal, is overwhelmed, it becomes absorbed, deals. So there is no way for us to become normal.
So what do we do? We must let go of all this, and just do nothing. That is difficult. Try this again tonight when] their casa.Siéntense in the room for two minutes, doing nothing. It is very boring, very hard. We have to do something, read the newspaper, watch TV, call someone, to party. We've done it again and again, and again, and again. And now, we are so jaded that nothing that works. Television is so dull, so boring newspaper, go party every night is so boring. Nothing all that excites us. In fact, some of us refuge to whips and chains. Soon, if we continue like this, we will need a cheese grater to provoke. This is because we have become so abnormal, so dense. Our mind has become like parmesan cheese grater and not sharp enough.
So what we have to do is sit back and do nothing. Nothing at all, not even being drawn into daydreams. These days people say, I'm meditating, but are watching a sunset. That's doing something, even more than it seems! Watching a sunset have produced some of the best songs. Watching the waves have produced a lot of things. They must not do any of that. Do not listen to new age music. It's terrible: Symphony Number 9 with birdies - and abnormal've become! This is like the example of cheese grater: Symphony Number 9 with birds and raindrops. Nothing works, nothing.
So the safest way is to do nothing. Two minutes everyday. And then, if they are disciplined, three minutes, four minutes, five minutes. If you can not do nothing and sit and watch his mind ten minutes a day, continuously for one year, a big change will occur. There is a third eye, no. Who cares about that? Why a third eye? They would be so self-conscious that they could not get a date with someone. Imagine with a third eye! That's not our goal.
Our goal is to meditate ten minutes each day. After a year, certain things begin to change in one. Say you are someone who tends to wash hands thoroughly with soap after using the toilet. Then, get to the room are left thinking, "I did?" And return back to the sink and washed his hands again. In the middle of the night, asking "I washed my hands?" And go back to hand washing.
This is perhaps an extreme example. But small things like ironing underwear. Or spend days and hours looking cabinets to buy lingerie. That is really ridiculous! Because even if you're wearing it, no one will see, and have two days watching cabinets to choose from.
We have all kinds of little obsessions how are you. And when such obsessions are starting to loosen, this is certainly a worthwhile goal. After a year of meditation, you may wash your hands in the bathroom and even toweling, and do not worry. You can not go to sleep without worries, and morning breakfast eat with their hands without worry.
This is a small light. All you have to do is collect a lot like that, which is very doable.